1st Sunday of Lent
Genesis 9:8-15; Psalms 25:4-5, 6-7, 8-9; First Peter 3:18-22; Mark 1:12-15
We have now entered into the season of Lent. I suspect that Catholics have a very wide understanding and practice of this holy season. THE way that each of us should be prepared for and journey through the season of Lent is not based on me or you but on the Sacred Scripture – on the life of Jesus himself.
So, let us journey with Jesus through the season of Lent that we began last Wednesday. It is in the Scripture that we will find what Lent is all about – (the way I put it is, is it just about) – giving up candy or going to war!
The Gospel of the day teaches us that after his baptism the Holy Spirit drove Jesus into the desert for a total of forty day where he would be tempted by Satan. In this very dense description we uncover what Lent is all about. It is linked with our baptism that calls us to mission; our baptism is a call from God to “go forth” and tell the story of what Jesus has done and what specifically he has done for me and you.
In these two verses from today’s Gospel, we hear what Jesus did: Jesus was baptized. Why? So that you and I could be baptized. Why? So that you and I could be saved by God’s gift of grace, by his power. We were lost and incapable to finding our way back to God. God had to become one of us and show us how to get back home to the Father. This means being in relationship with God and able to go to heaven. This – in a nutshell – is why Jesus is baptized.
Where though does the power of baptism come from? The power of this sacrament will come from the cross — the cross upon which Jesus will die and offer himself on our behalf to the Father so that we can be saved and go to heaven.
Before Jesus goes to the cross though he will show us how – even after baptism – we will need to not only open ourselves to his power by baptism but also follow his teaching and example as he will allow himself to be tempted by Satan. Jesus shows us that Satan can be defeated – this powerful angel that many people even deny exists does exist and could crush us if Jesus did not do what he is here to do … die on the cross and make the sacraments available to us so that we can defeat our enemy and go to heaven.
So, St Mark includes the interesting details that are very important. He says that: “…and he was with the wild beasts; and the Angels waited on him.” Why does St Mark include this detail other than the fact that it is true?
St Mark is teaching us – as we begin this season of Lent – that Jesus is going to defeat Satan unlike Adam, the father of the human race, who failed when he was tempted. There was a Rabbinic tradition that Adam was fed by the Angels and he was also at one with the wild beasts. This is what is referred to as a preternatural gift. This was lost with the original sin. Jesus is the new Adam who is here to begin a new people of God.
Jesus is here not just as a teacher and preacher (though he is both of these) but Jesus is here as the new Adam to battle Satan and overcome all of Satan’s temptations. In other words, Jesus is here for war! Jesus is here to defeat our foe, the one who wants to destroy us, make us miserable in this life, tear us apart from God and each other and finally damn us for all eternity.
Lent is the way that we learn not only from Jesus’s preaching and teaching, but we learn how to defeat temptation by Jesus’s power – his grace – made available to us in the sacraments.
To learn from Jesus, we need to hear him teaching about fasting, prayer and almsgiving. These are the three ways that we open ourselves to his power and defeat our enemies – the devil, the flesh, and the world. That you and I do penance should not be in question.
If you question your need to do penance, then you ignore God who said “unless you do penance you will perish” (which means go to hell).
It is not just a little important, it is extremely important but for reasons of love not a “fear of terror.” We can be so into ourselves that we need a good kick in the behinds, something to wake us out of the stupor or the daze we are in.
We succumb to bad habits, mediocrity, we begin to make excuses for not doing penance – for not praying, for not giving alms to the needy, for not fasting. Ask yourself this question: when was the last time I want to confession? And if you hear yourself saying “I don’t have any mortal sins” (this is good!) but you need to do some serious reflection on the life of grace, the damage venial sins can and do cause, the damage that our own undealt with character faults can cause.
Look at Jesus in the desert – forty days and forty nights. He does not need to do this for himself. He is doing this for you and for me. He is winning for us the gift of Baptism, Eucharist, Confirmation and Penance and the other sacraments. Jesus is showing us how to defeat temptation and the devil. It is not so much in giving up candy (although that can have a beneficial effect if done properly/for the right reasons) but by engaging in war with the enemy. Our weapons are not bought in a store but are rather: prayer, fast and almsgiving.
I will conclude with this great teaching of St Leo the Great: In prayer faith remains steadfast. In fastings life remains innocent. In almsgiving the mind remains kind.
Learn from Jesus, get your program of penance now, today, and include confession in that plan. How important is getting this going “today” – consider if St Joseph put off leaving for Egypt until the next morning or another day – if Jesus wouldn’t have been murdered by Herod’s soldiers! But he didn’t wait – he got up and left. So do not put this off – today, now is the time. God bless you!
I do not know if the title of this writing is born out in everyday life but it should be. A good leader – someone who expects others to follow him or her – needs to lead by more than words and Power Point Presentations. A good leader needs to lead by example. An obvious example of this when it comes to the business world is that if a CEO expects his or her managers to be good leaders then he or she must be a good leader. For an organization to work well managers need to lay out expectations, terms of reference to their teams. An indicator that this will happen is if the CEO is doing this with his or her managers. The managers will lead others by the example that is given to them.
The Gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke tell us that Jesus went into the desert for 40 days and nights in order to prepare for his public ministry. While in the deserts he fasted and prayed. He did works of penance. Did he need to do these? No! Why did he do them then?
Jesus did works of penance for a number of reasons. Jesus is not just a good leader but a perfect one. Jesus will teach his apostles in the near future that they must do penance or perish.
Jesus did works of penance in order to show everyone in his time, and you and me, how to over come the temptations of the world, the flesh and the devil.
Jesus did works of penance that we need to – united to Him – repair the damage cause by sin. Just as we work off a debt we incur by labor so we “work off” or repair the damage we cause by our sins by works of penance. The caveat is that these acts of penance are united to Jesus Christ.
Jesus did not need to do penance. Do you and I need to do penance? We sure do! We need to do penance for the reasons I’ve just laid out. While all of us need to be doing works of penance it is the leaders who need to, well – lead! Who are these “leaders?”
Priests (which includes Bishops and the Pope). We are spiritual fathers and leaders that Christ has chosen to be in positions to lead people to God. We need to do penance.
Husbands and wives who may be fathers and mothers. Children need to see the example of their parents doing penance and that works of penance are not things that make them miserable but actually more cheerful.
Teachers and anyone else in a position of leadership and responsibility needs to be doing penance. They don’t need to make a show of it (they shouldn’t) but it might come out and then they should not hide it.
So – as Lent begins let us take up the call of Jesus to live the three types of penance: 1) Prayer, 2) Fasting and 3) Almsgiving.
Lead by example!